1. Gould's perspective on art is often summed up by this 1962 quote: "The justification of art is the internal combustion it ignites in the hearts of men and not its shallow, externalized, public manifestations. For his only recording at the organ, he recorded about half of The Art of Fugue, which was also released posthumously on piano. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (1955 Mono Recording) 1956 Featured On. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Books I & II, BWV 846-893 2 In C Minor 3. It would eventually occupy him for more than nine years. Both his parents were musical, and his mother, especially, encouraged the infant Gould's early musical development. "[105], One of Gould's performances of the Prelude and Fugue in C major from Book II of The Well-Tempered Clavier was chosen for inclusion on the NASA Voyager Golden Record by a committee headed by Carl Sagan. ", "Christopher Foss grew up with Glenn Gould, but never got to say goodbye", "Ottawa; An Exhibition of Glenn Gould Memorabilia Sheds A Little Light on A Musical Enigma", "Being Glenn Gould – The Adelaide Review", "Wildlife: On the trail of Count von Svoboda and Glenn Gould", "The Prospects of Recording – Resources – The Glenn Gould Archive", "The Variations of Glenn Gould: Legendary, Eccentric Pianist Launched His Career by Playing Bach", "Glenn Gould " The CBC Legacy " Timeline of a Musical Genius", "Glenn Gould's fascination with Petula Clark (excerpt)", Harper Government Celebrates Glenn Gould as National Historic Person Canadian cultural icon commemorated at plaque unveiling ceremony, "Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius » Credits", "Dr. José Antonio Abreu Awarded Coveted 2008 Glenn Gould Prize", "The Glenn Gould School " Key Facts and History", "Home " The Recording Academy " The GRAMMY Awards " GRAMMY Hall of Fame", "Late Toronto pianist Glenn Gould receives Grammy lifetime achievement award", "How Mozart Became a Bad Composer" by Glenn Gould, in, Podcast about Glenn Gould from Library and Archives Canada, "Glenn Gould collected news and commentary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glenn_Gould&oldid=996539818, Juno Award for Classical Album of the Year – Solo or Chamber Ensemble winners, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Persons of National Historic Significance (Canada), Burials at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Toronto, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 05:31. Gould's experience of driving across northern Ontario while listening to Top 40 radio in 1967 provided the inspiration for one of his most unusual radio pieces, The Search for Petula Clark, a witty and eloquent dissertation on the recordings of the renowned British pop singer, who was then at the peak of her international success. But we persevered nonetheless. Glenn Gould, né le 25 septembre 1932 à Toronto au Canada et mort le 4 octobre 1982 dans la même ville, est un pianiste, compositeur, écrivain, homme de radio et réalisateur canadien [1].Il est connu pour ses interprétations pianistiques du répertoire baroque, en particulier pour deux enregistrements des Variations Goldberg de Jean-Sébastien Bach (1955 et 1981). Bach: Preludes, Fugues and Fughettas - Expanded Edition. [91] He was fond of a number of lesser-known composers such as Orlando Gibbons, whose Anthems he had heard as a teenager,[92] and whose music he felt a "spiritual attachment" to. Glenn Gould Addeddate 2019-11-05 21:46:05 Identifier glenngould_201911 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.4. plus-circle Add Review. Bach, stating that the Baroque composer was "first and last an architect, a constructor of sound, and what makes him so inestimably valuable to us is that he was beyond a doubt the greatest architect of sound who ever lived". [72] He expounded his criticism and philosophy of music and art in lectures, convocation speeches, periodicals, and in radio and television documentaries for the CBC. He is also heard practising other parts of the Goldbergs. [103] The majority of his work is published by Schott Music. Bach*/ Glenn Gould- The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I Complete (Preludes And Fugues 1–24)‎(3xLP, Comp, RE + Box) Columbia Masterworks. He was admitted to Toronto General Hospital, and his condition rapidly deteriorated. Browse more videos. After several years, she and Gould became lovers. See all formats and editions. Although he recorded all of Mozart's sonatas and admitted enjoying the "actual playing" of them,[90] Gould claimed to dislike Mozart's later works, to the extent of arguing (perhaps facetiously) that Mozart died too late rather than too early. No performer after him can avoid the example he sets ... Now, everyone must perform through him: he can be emulated or rejected, but he cannot be ignored. [31][32] In 1945, at the age of thirteen, he made his first appearance with an orchestra in a performance of the first movement of Beethoven's 4th Piano Concerto with the Toronto Symphony. The service was attended by over 3,000 people, and was broadcast on the CBC. The Klavierbüchlein For Wilhelm Friedemann Bach in C Major, BWV 924: Prelude: ... Glenn Gould / Goldberg Variations, J. S. Bach. Gould's writing style was highly articulate, but sometimes florid, indulgent, and rhetorical. In a lecture and essay titled "Forgery and Imitation in the Creative Process", one of Gould's most significant texts,[81] he makes explicit his views on authenticity and creativity. [17] He used this famous chair for the rest of his life and took it with him almost everywhere. Playing next. Later works include the Lieberson Madrigal (soprano, alto, tenor, bass [SATB] and piano), and So You Want to Write a Fugue? He was once arrested, having possibly been mistaken for a vagrant, while sitting on a park bench in Sarasota, Florida, dressed in his standard all-climate attire of coats, hat and mittens. All three use a radiophonic electronic-music technique that Gould called "contrapuntal radio", in which several people are heard speaking at once—much like the voices in a fugue—manipulated through overdubbing and editing. 30, selections from Bach's The Art of Fugue, and Paul Hindemith's Piano Sonata No. The Royal Conservatory of Music Professional School in Toronto adopted the name The Glenn Gould School in 1997 after their most famous alumnus. He was, in effect, stranded on a beachhead of his own thinking between past and future. He studied music theory with Leo Smith, the organ with Frederick C. Silvester, and piano with Alberto Guerrero. In the case of Bach, Gould noted, "[I] fixed the action in some of the instruments I play on—and the piano I use for all recordings is now so fixed—so that it is a shallower and more responsive action than the standard. He went so far as to conduct an experiment with musicians, sound engineers, and laypeople in which they were to listen to a recording and determine where the splices occurred. 17 in A-flat Major, BWV 862: Fugue 67, was deemed an "outright fiasco". Gould referred to himself repeatedly as "the last puritan", a reference to the philosopher George Santayana's 1935 novel of the same name. [98], He worked with numerous vocalists to record Schoenberg, Hindemith, and Ernst Krenek, including Donald Gramm and Ellen Faull. Glenn Gould. The 1955 interpretation is highly energetic and often frenetic; the later is slower and more deliberate[86][87]—Gould wanted to treat the aria and its 30 variations as a cohesive whole. The cover shows Gould in the corner of a bare dilapidated room – more like the snapshot of a vagrant than the portrait of a pianistic genius. Listeners regarded his interpretations as ranging from brilliantly creative to outrightly eccentric. He continued to use this chair even when the seat was completely worn through. He often hummed or sang while he played, and his audio engineers were not always successful in excluding his voice from recordings. Claude Rains narrated their recording of Strauss's Enoch Arden melodrama. Prelude & Fugue No. He was one of the best known and most celebrated pianists of the 20th century,[1] and was renowned as an interpreter of the keyboard works of Johann Sebastian Bach. [25] He could "memorize at sight" and once challenged his friend John Roberts to name any piece of music that he could not "instantly play from memory". [fn 20] He made recordings of piano music by Jean Sibelius (the Sonatines and Kyllikki), Georges Bizet (the Variations Chromatiques de Concert and the Premier nocturne), Richard Strauss (the Piano Sonata, the Five Pieces, and Enoch Arden with Claude Rains), and Paul Hindemith (the three piano sonatas and the sonatas for brass and piano). The documentary filmmaker Bruno Monsaingeon said of him, "No supreme pianist has ever given of his heart and mind so overwhelmingly while showing himself so sparingly. 1 in D minor, BWV 1052, with Leonard Bernstein conducting the New York Philharmonic. [101] There is little critical commentary on Gould's compositions for the simple reason that there are few of them; he never succeeded beyond Opus 1, and left a number of works unfinished. (Gould rarely shook people's hands, and habitually wore gloves. Gould's playing was distinguished by a remarkable technical proficiency and a capacity to articulate the contrapuntal texture of Bach's music. ", In his liner notes and broadcasts, Gould created more than two dozen alter egos for satirical, humorous, and didactic purposes, permitting him to write hostile reviews or incomprehensible commentaries on his own performances. His unique pianistic method, insight into the architecture of compositions, and relatively free interpretation of scores created performances and recordings that were revelatory to many listeners while being highly objectionable to others. Similarly, Gould notes the "pathetic duplicity" in the reception of high-quality forgeries by Han van Meegeren of new paintings attributed to the Dutch master Johannes Vermeer, before and after the forgery was known. Glenn Gould in the Sixties. Gould had a pronounced aversion to what he termed "hedonistic" approaches to piano repertoire, performance, and music generally. 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in C Major, BWV 933, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in C minor, BWV 934, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in D minor, BWV 935, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in D Major, BWV 936, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in E Major, BWV 937, 6 Little Preludes, BWV 933-938: Praeludium in E minor, BWV 938, Prelude and Fughetta in D minor, BWV 899: Praeludium, Prelude and Fughetta in D minor, BWV 899: Fughetta, Prelude and Fughetta in G Major, BWV 902, Prelude in G Major to the Fughetta No. Copyright ©2020 Primary Wave Music IP Fund 1 LP. Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: The Art of the Fugue (Excerpts), Prelude and Fugue on BACH, BWV 898 1997 Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Books I & II, BWV 846-893 1993 Bach: The Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (1955 Mono Recording) 1956 Brahms: Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. Bazzana writes that "it is tempting to assume that Gould was asexual, an image that certainly fits his aesthetic and the persona he sought to convey, and one can read the whole Gould literature and be convinced that he died a virgin"—but he also mentions that evidence points to "a number of relationships with women that may or may not have been platonic and ultimately became complicated and were ended". Used from. The somewhat muffled sound of this 20th-century instrument is very different from modern recordings that are made using copies of old harpsichords. [21] One year later he had passed the written theory exams, qualifying for an Associate of the Toronto Conservatory of Music (ATCM) diploma. [fn 6][21], Gould was a child prodigy[22] and was described in adulthood as a musical phenomenon. Gould's mother would urge the young Gould to sit up straight at the keyboard. [88] He recorded most of Bach's other keyboard works, including both books of The Well-Tempered Clavier and the Partitas, French Suites, English Suites, Inventions and Sinfonias, keyboard concertos, and a number of toccatas (which interested him least, being less polyphonic). Notable productions include his musique concrète Solitude Trilogy, which consists of The Idea of North, a meditation on Northern Canada and its people, The Latecomers, about Newfoundland, and The Quiet in the Land, about Mennonites in Manitoba. Compare the 1970 version from the "Complete Piano Sonatas" set (played first) and the 1958 interpretation (second). It's rather amazing today, when recordings of Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier practically fall of the shelves, to recall just how unusual it was back in the 1960s for a pianist to undertake to record this amazing work. Disc 1. Although Gould's recording studio producers have testified that "he needed splicing less than most performers",[83] Gould used the process to give himself total artistic control over the recording process. [97] Schwarzkopf believed in "total fidelity" to the score, but she also objected to the temperature, which was to Gould's liking: The studio was incredibly overheated, which may be good for a pianist but not for a singer: a dry throat is the end as far as singing is concerned. Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I, Volume 3. [fn 19]. 1 in D minor with Gould as soloist, he informed the audience that he was assuming no responsibility for what they were about to hear. He held his final public performance in 1964, and thereafter devoted his career to the studio, recording albums and several radio documentaries. [66], Whether Gould's behaviour fell within the autism spectrum has been the subject of debate. Gould won three awards out of his six nominations, but accepted only one in person. He performed on television and radio, and produced three musique concrète radio documentaries called the Solitude Trilogy, about isolated areas of Canada. Glenn Herbert Gould was born at home in Toronto, on 25 September 1932, to Russell Herbert Gold (1901–1996) and Florence Emma Gold (née Grieg; 1891–1975),[4] Presbyterians of Scottish, English, and Norwegian ancestry. The piano had to be set at a certain height and would be raised on wooden blocks if necessary. [28] Gould was known for having a vivid imagination. [19] His pianism had great clarity and erudition, particularly in contrapuntal passages,[19] and extraordinary control. It is likely that this habit originated in his having been taught by his mother to "sing everything that he played", as his biographer Kevin Bazzana puts it. According to another of Gould's biographers, Otto Friedrich, the air-conditioning engineer had to work just as hard as the recording engineers.[44]. On August 25, 2012, the spacecraft became the first to cross the heliopause and enter the interstellar medium.[106]. He ate one meal a day which was supplemented with arrowroot biscuits and coffee. [33] His first solo recital followed in 1947,[34] and his first recital on radio was with the CBC in 1950. ), 100, Liszt's piano transcriptions of Beethoven's symphonies, Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, Best Classical Performance – Instrumental Soloist or Soloists, Gould Estate v Stoddart Publishing Co Ltd, "The three-cornered world of Glenn Gould and Natsume Soseki", "The Dogs of Pianist Glenn Gould: In the Key of Woof", "Glenn Gould is a rising star " The Story", "Leonard Bernstein and Glenn Gould don't see eye to eye", "Music: Inner Voices of Glenn Gould; Pianist Plays Them in Addition to Brahms Bernstein Speech Hits at the Interpretation (article abstract)", "Glenn Gould: Variations on an Artist » Gould on his eccentricities » Did you know? Conductors had mixed responses to Gould and his playing habits. $7.99. During Gould's 1957 concert performances in Moscow. "[64] In 1956, he was also taking Thorazine, an anti-psychotic medication, as well as reserpine, another anti-psychotic, but one that can also be used to lower blood pressure. Gould: "The piano was a means to an end for him, and the end was to approach Beethoven." In December 1979 Gould’s longstanding producer Andrew Kazdin left Columbia. For Gould, "hedonism" in this sense denoted a superficial theatricality, something to which he felt Mozart, for example, became increasingly susceptible later in his career. Gould produced his final recordings himself, beginning with this Bach album in January and February 1980. He would play his own little pieces for family, friends, and sometimes large gatherings—including, in 1938, a performance at the Emmanuel Presbyterian Church (a few blocks from the Gould family home) of one of his own compositions.[14]. He stopped giving concerts at the age of 31 to concentrate on studio recording and other projects. Share. ... What if the composer, as historian, is faulty? Bach: Partitas, Preludes, Fugues, Fughettas de Glenn Gould - Année de production 2012 [52] He was known for cancelling performances at the last minute, which is why Bernstein's aforementioned public disclaimer opened with, "Don't be frightened, Mr. Gould is here... [he] will appear in a moment. Glenn Gould (Artist) Format: Audio CD. [112][113] A federal plaque reflecting the designation was erected next to a sculpture of him in downtown Toronto. His television collaboration with American violinist Yehudi Menuhin in 1965, in which they played works by Bach, Beethoven and Schoenberg, was called a success by Stegemann (1993b) because "Menuhin was ready to embrace the new perspectives opened up by an unorthodox view". Gould is a popular subject of biography and even critical analysis. New from. Listen to Handel: Suites for Harpsichord - Bach: Selections from the Well Tempered Clavier, Book II by Glenn Gould on Apple Music. Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book I; Preludes and Fugues 1-8. [fn 5] This incident is almost certainly related to the adjustable-height chair his father made shortly thereafter. These include his famous "self-interview", his book review of a biography written about him (in which he refers to himself in the third person)—not to mention the various appearances of his "alter egos" in print, radio, or TV, including an "extended and rather strained radio joke show", ("Critics Callout Corner" on the, There are two other Gould recordings of the Goldberg Variations. He was attracted to the technical aspects of recording, and considered the manipulation of tape to be another part of the creative process. Philosophers such as Giorgio Agamben and Mark Kingwell have interpreted Gould's life and ideas. [35] This was the beginning of Gould's long association with radio and recording. Gould revered J.S. On 5 June 1938, at the age of five, Gould played in public for the first time, joining his family on stage to play piano at a church service at the Business Men's Bible Class in Uxbridge, Ontario, in front of a congregation of about two thousand. To commemorate what would have been Gould's 75th birthday, the Canadian Museum of Civilization held an exhibition titled Glenn Gould: The Sounds of Genius in 2007. But it doesn't convince me. “We recorded ten or even fifteen different versions of some of the preludes and fugues. [29] He associated this drift towards hedonism with the emergence of a cult of showmanship and gratuitous virtuosity on the concert platform in the 19th century and later. Our relationship was, among other things, quite sexual." Glenn Gould Discusses His Goldberg Variations With Tim Page ((Gould Remastered)) Glenn Gould… "[116] The prize consists of CA$100,000 for the recipient, and the responsibility of awarding the CA$15,000 Glenn Gould Protégé Prize to a young musician of their choice. The Conservatory received its. A new recording of the Goldberg Variations, made in 1981, would be among his last albums; the piece was one of only a few he recorded twice in the studio. Although there was some controversy at Columbia about the appropriateness of this "debut" piece, the record received phenomenal praise and was among the best-selling classical music albums of its era. He had earlier directed Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. [43] Gould was renowned for his peculiar body movements while playing and for his insistence on absolute control over every aspect of his environment. See all 4 formats … D3S 733. [108] François Girard's Genie Award winning 1993 film, Thirty Two Short Films About Glenn Gould includes documentary interviews with people who knew him, dramatizations of scenes from Gould's life, and fanciful segments including an animation set to music. The Well-Tempered Clavier Book II : Prelude And Fugue No. [70] Gould, an animal lover, left half his estate to the Toronto Humane Society; the other half went to the Salvation Army. The institution of the public concert, he felt, degenerated into the "blood sport" with which he struggled, and which he ultimately rejected.[30]. Philosopher Mark Kingwell writes that "his influence is made inescapable. The claim that Gould "never shook hands" is exaggerated. 1-24 BWV 846-869 ‎ (2xLP, Comp + Box) CBS , CBS S77225, S 77225 This became "an unbreakable (and notorious) habit". Gould claimed that his singing was unconscious and increased in proportion to his inability to produce his intended interpretation from a given piano. )[109][110] Anthologies of Gould's writing and letters have been published, and Library and Archives Canada holds a significant portion of his papers. In 1983, Gould was posthumously inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame. [19] His extremely low position at the instrument permitted him more control over the keyboard. 2 (the Urlicht section) in the 1960s. The success of Gould's collaborations was to a degree dependent upon his collaborators' receptiveness to his sometimes unconventional readings of the music. [63] In 1956, Gould said to photojournalist Jock Carroll "... my hysteria about eating. Discogs で Glenn Gould, Bach* - Preludes, Fughettas And Fugues に関するリリース、レビュー、トラックリスト、おすすめなどを発見し、Glenn Gould, Bach* のコレクションを完成させましょう。 3. The disc of recordings was placed on the spacecraft Voyager 1. [114] The Glenn Gould Studio at the Canadian Broadcasting Centre in Toronto was named after him. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the 1987 CD release of The Partitas, Preludes, Fugues & Fughettas on Discogs. [104], Gould is one of the most acclaimed musicians of the 20th century. For a pianist such as Van Cliburn, 200 concerts would have amounted to about two years' touring.[41]. I play it in a weak moment – maybe once a year or twice a year for myself. Although Gould was known chiefly as a pianist, he capped off his musical career with a recording of Wagner's Siegfried Idyll as conductor. He was one of the best known and most celebrated pianists of the 20th century, and was renowned as an interpreter of the keyboard works of Johann Sebastian Bach. Report. [20], Gould passed his final Conservatory examination in piano at the age of 12, achieving the highest marks of any candidate, and thus attaining professional standing as a pianist at that age. 1 in A Major, HWV 426: II. He founded the Festival Trio chamber group in 1953 with the cellist Isaac Mamott and the violinist Albert Pratz. [24] Gould could play from memory not just a vast repertoire of piano music, but also a wide range of orchestral and operatic transcriptions. Bach (Composer) Format: Audio CD. [97] His 1966 collaboration with soprano Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, however, recording Richard Strauss's Ophelia Lieder, Op. J.S. [119], The Grammys are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. You must have that immediacy of response, that control over fine definitions of things."[27]. 3 in D major, BWV1054. Glenn Gould. ", In "Bach the Nonconformist"; Roberts (ed. Check out Glenn Gould plays Bach: The Well-Tempered Clavier Books I & II, BWV 846-893 by Glenn Gould on Amazon Music. Glenn Gould (piano) Bach, J S: Three-part Inventions (Sinfonias) Nos. One is a live recording from 1954, The Schubert can be seen briefly in the film, Glenn Gould: Selected Letters (John P. L. Roberts, Ghyslaine Guertin), 1992, Elliott, R. "Constructions of Identity in the Life Stories of Emma Albani and Glenn Gould.

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